Category Archives: Greek Philosophy

I was amazed to read Socrates’ philosophy, but I was horrified when I read of his appearance. He had been known to be ugly and comic. Very few can imagine the real looks of him. This ugly man holding wisdom and friendly spirit would come across people, confounding them with his theory of intrigue. Isn’t it interesting? Well, those people who would listen to this ugly looking man and thank him for his understanding of inquiry, always surprise me. I was always curious to know was he really ugly or the men who plotted against him were describing him ugly. I’ll bring you two trustworthy comparison here that describes his looks and I will leave you to wonder about his features once again. I start from the one that I liked the most. “A bald head, a great round face, deep set staring eyes, a broad and flower nose that…

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Eudaimonia in a general term denotes happiness and well being. Here eu is good or well, daimon is spirit. So, basically, it is the wellness of spirit. It is realizing one’s spirit. This concept of happiness is taken from Greek Ethics. The original definition of Eudaemonia is flourishing as well as well being. Why we need to study happiness is a major question asked by various subjects of science, philosophy, and ethics? Simply, we need to study happiness because we need it. Nobody wants to live in misery. Everyone wants to live their life full of happiness and fulfillment. The philosophers of Greek have provided deeper meaning to the term ‘Eudaimonia’. The thoughts of the greatest believer is put down here. Nichomachean Ethics is the best work of Aristotle. It deals with various concepts that help man to live a life of happiness. This work has a great impact on…

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Socrates was a Greek philosopher from Athens. He initiated the discussion of complicated moral & philosophical problems in an interesting way. Socrates posed himself as one who knows nothing. He then interrogates with a person to understand their emotions and feelings. He will get to know the mindset of a person by understanding the person’s thought projection. In this way, he reveals the wrong perception of a person by their own outcome of realization. Socrates stands like a mirror before a person where a person reveals all rising thoughts. The person realizes in the end how wrong he was. In this way, Socrates gave us the path of wisdom. Different authors have employed Socrates as a character of their books on Dialogues. They tried to portray the various methods of Dialogues that Socrates used. Some such philosophers are- Aristotle, Xenophon, Plato, and Cicero. There is an expression of totality in…

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Human life is precious because of knowledge, beauty, wisdom, conscience, morality, responsibility, care, rationality, curiosity, justice, meaning, acceptance, willingness, feelings, emotions, attitude, fear, love, attraction, and so many things. All this has some origin or source of its production. It arises out of three important pillars which makes human life in existence. These pillars are- ‘Nous’, ‘Psyche’, ‘Soma’. In ancient philosophy, term nous signifies intellect or intelligence or ideals which a human mind carries all throughout its life. A person is greedy, lazy, caring, respectful, modest, and trustworthy because of the ‘Nous’. Anaxagoras(pre-socratic philosopher) is known to be the first person who has defined the concept of ‘nous’ or mind which is responsible for all the orderly patterns we see around. Aristotle define ‘nous’ as awareness which makes human a rational being. Without ‘Nous’, human beings cease to exist. Everyone has some ideals in life. Those who don’t follow their…

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Pre-Socratic Philosophers- It is the ancient Greek Philosophy before the influence of Socrates. We are going to specifically look at the ontological views of the world by the following philosophers. Thales, Anaxagoras, Anaximenes, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Heraclitus and Democritus Thales Originating principle of world and nature is a single natural substance i.e., water. Thales used Geometry and Deductive Reasoning for deriving conclusion to a problem and is well known for his Mathematical Discovery. Anaxagoras Originating principles of the world and cosmos is nous or mind. Everything is consisting of the portions of everything else. The food we eat creates our body, blood, flesh. It is because it already has the portions seen in the resulting products of the body, flesh, etc. Anaximenes Originating principles of the world is air. It is because air is the primary substance of which every being is composed. Every change in the Universe is the result…

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Forms define the reality of our life. The reality which surrounds us and the reality which we believe in. To understand more, let’s start with the concepts of ancient Greek Philosophers. When we talk about ‘forms’ in Philosophy, the theory of Plato and Aristotle rules our mind. They have their different concepts on the ‘forms’, but the notions were almost the same. The intentions as we can speak of, was to define an object under some classes to give proper identification. Plato Forms Plato ‘form’ was a purely independent concept. According to him, ‘form’ has got its different world. It’s completely different from the world of matter. They are eternal and limitless. He called the forms as ‘ideas’. It is the most fundamental thing in the universe. Aristotle Forms Aristotle forms seek a classification for all the objects in this world. It is called as an archetype for all the…

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Being signifies existence. The literal meaning of Being is ‘to be’ or ‘to exist’. What is this existence for? Why DO WE EXIST? To clear this concept in a better way, it is very important to define the nature of being or its concerning reality. Problem of Being There are so many questions arising on the nature of being or reality which many ancient philosophers have tried to answer from time to time. The basic questions are- ‘what is being?’ ‘What we should consider being or reality as?’ ‘What if reality doesn’t persist?’ ‘How can we define reality as?’ ‘What is the complete nature of reality?’ ‘What is considered as permanent and temporary?’ ‘How the concept of ‘being’ makes relevance in our life?’ The philosophers of the ancient period have tried to find out the answers to the above-mentioned questions using various ways. The deep intellectual thoughts and the reference…

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Being signifies existence. The literal meaning of Being is ‘to be’ or ‘to exist’. What is this existence for? Why DO WE EXIST? To clear this concept in a better way, it is very important to define the nature of being or its concerning reality. Problem of Being There are so many questions arising on the nature of being or reality which many ancient philosophers have tried to answer from time to time. The basic questions are- ‘what is being?’ ‘What we should consider being or reality as?’ ‘What if reality doesn’t persist?’ ‘How can we define reality as?’ ‘What is the complete nature of reality?’ ‘What is considered as permanent and temporary?’ ‘How the concept of ‘being’ makes relevance in our life?’ The philosophers of the ancient period have tried to find out the answers to the above-mentioned questions using various ways. The deep intellectual thoughts and the reference…

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Pre-socratic philosophers were the earlier Greek Philosophers. They tried to explain the nature of ultimate reality other than what was previously considered in mythological context. In myths and earlier historical context, ultimate reality was  termed as religious-the God or Goddesses or the characters significant in Greek texts. Pre-socratic concept of Materialism Presocratic came up with the idea of defining the nature of ultimate reality in Materialistic concept. They give the material substance as the ultimate cause of creation. According to them, the matter is the cause of all material substance of this universe. Different materialistic elements have been chosen by the Greek Philosophers to determine the nature of Ultimate Reality.  Thales gave his theory to water as the ultimate cause. Anaximenes like Thales has said air as the material cause of all. Anaximander has contradicted materialistic views. He believed that there is something above all material substances and that is…

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Pre-socratic philosophers were the earlier Greek Philosophers. They tried to explain the nature of ultimate reality other than what was previously considered in mythological context. In myths and earlier historical context, ultimate reality was  termed as religious-the God or Goddesses or the characters significant in Greek texts. Pre-socratic concept of Materialism Presocratic came up with the idea of defining the nature of ultimate reality in Materialistic concept. They give the material substance as the ultimate cause of creation. According to them, the matter is the cause of all material substance of this universe. Different materialistic elements have been chosen by the Greek Philosophers to determine the nature of Ultimate Reality.  Thales gave his theory to water as the ultimate cause. Anaximenes like Thales has said air as the material cause of all. Anaximander has contradicted materialistic views. He believed that there is something above all material substances and that is…

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