Radhakrishnan’s religion is Spiritual or Universal religion that is developed through spiritual ideas. Universal religion is the transformation of world and ‘formed religion’ into the several spiritual manifestations. To establish Universal religion, one needs to form Universal Philosophy. Radhakrishnan used term Absolute for universal religion, where religion is the primary spiritual reality. And the Universe is Secondary derivative reality. Radhakrishnan established relations between being and reality that gives shape to the definitions of religions. For him, religion is a movement and growth whose process is not static, but dynamic. In Radhakrishnan’s religion, Morality could never be separated from any religions. Reference: Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, “East and West in Religion” (1933) Paul Arthur Schilpp, “The Philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan” (1952)
Swami Vivekananda is a Contemporary Indian Philosopher who advocated Indian Philosophy and Yoga-Vedanta among westerners. His Mystic Guru Ramakrishna Paramahamsa guided him about the scientific approach of spirituality. Vedanta arises out of Upanishad. It represents the monism of Upanishads and Non-duality of Brahman. The Brahman or Ultimate reality is Absolute. Practical Vedanta is an approach to realize divinity within individual. It is the practice of Yoga as taught in Bhagavad-Gita, and includes western Materialism (social service) and Indian spiritualism. It mentions all religions to be an equal contributor to Truth. The utility of Practical Vedanta is Unity, Morality and Liberation.