Sartre declared his work “Existentialism is a humanism” strictly reserved for philosophers. He was assured that the public would not understand his philosophy which was way ahead of his time. People, according to Sartre, were defined by era, and during his time, existentialism was only beginning to find its place while still facing a lot of problems ahead. At present, the theory of Existentialism is popular among readers and people not only try to understand the existentialist philosophy but also implement it in their lifestyles.
During the time when Sartre presented his idea, Marxists misunderstood it to be contrary to their philosophy of Marxism. They criticized the work of Sartre without even going through it. For them, Existentialism was hopeless
philosophy which includes a state of quietism (others can do what I cannot do) and despair. Existentialism was called an ugly philosophy and existentialists were called naturalists. People fear naturalists because they take laws for granted and do what seems right for them.
Marxists believed that man is determined by his economic conditions. But Sartre was going the other way. For him, economic conditions are secondary.
The first and foremost need for determining individuality is existence, that is man’s presence in this world.
According to Sartre, man can achieve freedom by his own responsibility to choose. There is no requirement of good economic conditions for attaining freedom.
“A man who is free and one who is enslaved cannot be perceived from the same perspective.”
Sartre (1948) “to seek truth is to prefer being above all else, even in a catastrophic form, simply because it exists.”
Boris Vian’s novel “froth on the daydream” describes Jean Paul Sartre truly as “Jean-sol-Partre” or ‘the one clearing his path with an axe’.
In his life, Sartre tried hard to explain to critics the right meaning of his work, but nobody was ready to listen. At the time, he even thought that he would never publish his book. But he collected the strengths by reading novels of Albert Camus and kept on forming his philosophies, directing towards Existentialism. Around 1960, he became the first global public intellectual.
What is an Existentialist?
Existentialism is a philosophy where man is nothing other than his own projections. Man is the sum of organizations, relations, attitudes, and exposure of his responsibility in life. In life, a man commits himself, and draws his own portrait, outside of which there is nothing.
There are two kinds of existentialist-
1. Theists- Karl Jasper and Gabriel Marcel
2.Atheists- Heidegger and Sartre
Sartre Philosophy- “Existence precedes Essence” is still debatable, but somehow made its marks on today’s readers.
Glimpse of Jean-Paul Sartre
Relative absurdities exist in relation to absolute rationalism.
Absolute rationalism is a truth with absolute certainty based on reason. Rationalists believe that knowledge, or our grasp of truth, is obtained without the use of our senses. For example, John is young as a lion is reasonable to provide reason for John’s bold and fierce nature. There is no need to prove it by the means of sense perception.
Absurd, on the contrary, goes unreasonable. But a relative absurdist assumes reason to be somewhat relatable to truth.
Existentialism is a remarkable concept since it brings man on his own foot rather than relying on others for a livelihood. It is a modest departure from the principle of interdependence, whereby one assumes complete responsibility for oneself. The purpose of this article is to raise awareness of existential philosophy and make its concepts accessible to everyone. If there is a lack of clarity in the notions, readers are free to prefer the originals.
Cite source (MLA 8th edition)
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